Brief History of Barrio Kiaos (Kiwas), Lagayan, Abra

Historical and Cultural Life of Barrio Kioas (Kiwas)

Brief History

At the last part of the Spanish Regime 1896 a group of Non-Christian families settled in a small valley in the Northwestern part of Abra. It was the first settlement in the Northwest thereby deriving the word “Ki“as Kioas is the key to the province from the North.

Years passed, Kiaos was gradually settled by adventurous Christians from all parts of the province, some coming from Ilocos Sur. It was because of this that the barrio got the last part of its name “oas” from an Ilocano word “agdakioas” meaning to go around. The original Non-Christian families moved further north and formed the sitios “Baybayating” and “Atip“. At present, Kioas is settled by purely Christians.

Sitios of Barrio Kioas included are Turod, Tamdog, and Sadeg.

Date of establishment: Allegedly, sometime during the last parts of the Spanish Regime around 1896.

Kiwas-Pulot Lagayan Junction
Farmers planting rice in Kiwas
View of Mt. Pugao in Kiwas

 Original Families of Kiaos ( Kiwas)

Husband Wife
Libnao Cumay
Bukas Langgumay
Baybay Gaen
Laoek Delsi
Silvestre Talape
Bibiano Bigornia Paula
Kiwas Chapel

List of Tenientes (Barrio Officials)

Baybay 1907 – 1912
Agapito Medrano 1912 – 1915
Domingo Talape   1915 – 1918
Nemesio Balucas 1918 – 1920
Herman Balucas   1920 – 1924
Francisco Talape  1924 – 1927
Victorino Valasquez 1927 – 1929
Mariano Lumdang 1929 – 1931
Victorio Talor  1931 – 1933
Franciso Bernal 1933 – 1935
Julian Bucayag 1935 – 1938
Saturnino Bersamira 1938 – 1942
Pio Medrano 1942 – 1946
Benito Escalante 1946 – 1948
Placido Domingo 1948 – 1953

Street of Kiwas
A jeepney and a motorbike on the road to Kiwas

Present Day Kioas

Today, the barrio of Kioas, now spelled as Kiwas, is a Sitio in Brgy. Pulot. It has a primary school and a catholic chapel.

Kiwas Primary School

This series ( The History of Abra Barrios ) is adapted from a compilation study made about the Municipalities, Barrios and Sitios of Abra in 1953.

The information is the product of community surveys and interviews made by competent resource persons and research jointly undertaken by teachers, principals, supervising principals, and division supervisors, municipal and provincial officials, and prominent citizens who had the intimate knowledge and understanding of the local materials and resources.

The original notes can be found on the NLP website ( ) and are in the Public Domain.

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